Wednesday, September 8, 2010

Ubuntu 10.04: Repositories

In the process of reinstalling Ubuntu 10.04, it came time to install my software sources (i.e., repositories).  To start off, I visited my most recent post on that.  It told a tale of difficulty in getting my list of "repos" to work, and referred me to one of my earlier posts.

I decided to start by simply copying the finalized list of repos that I had developed and posted in that earlier note.  This replaced my existing /etc/apt/sources.list.  I wasn't sure if I needed to reboot, but having done all those updates and such, I decided it couldn't hurt.  On reboot, I went into System > Administration > Software Sources to see what we had.  There were some items on the list that had to do with individual programs.  I found another such list that was even longer.  I wasn't sure why I needed repositories for individual programs; I was under the impression that repositories were places where you could get a variety of programs.  So rather than add to the list (and increase the number of repositories that might report problems later on, as I had experienced previously), I pared down the list.  My final list, preserved in a backup copy of /etc/apt/sources.list, was as follows: lucid partner lucid partner (Source Code) lucid-getdeb apps lucid free non-free lucid main lucid main lucid main

I clicked Close.  It gave me a chance to Reload, which I took.  It said this:

Could not download all repository indexes
The repository may no longer be available or could not be contacted because of network problems ...
I closed out of that and typed "sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list."  Sources.list still had some lines for repositories that I had deleted, so I deleted those surplus lines.  It also had commands I should run in connection with the rest, so I copied those lines into a separate file in gedit, saved it as RunForRepositories, made it executable ("sudo chmod +x RunForRepositories"), saved a copy for future use, and then ran it ("sh RunForRepositories).  I went back into Software Sources, changed one thing, closed, reloaded, and got the "Could not download all repository indexes" error again.  At this point, I rediscovered that you could add repositories via System > Administration > Synaptic Package Manager.  In Synaptic, I went to Settings > Repositories.  But this turned out to be the same thing as the Software Sources tool.  In Software Sources > Other Software, I unclicked and then reclicked an item to trigger the Close > Reload option.  Once again, I got the "Could not download all repository indexes" error.  The first item on the list was the Medibuntu repository, with this message:  "The following signatures could not be verified because the public key is not available."  Following advice, I closed out of that, went into Synaptic, searched for medibuntu-keyring, and applied that.  In Synaptic, I went again into Settings > Repositories and retriggered the Reload.  But it didn't work -- no Reload option -- so I did it via System > Administration > Software Sources.  This time the Medibuntu error was gone, and the first error in the list had to do with the Ubuntu CD.  I decided I didn't want the Ubuntu CD to be a source, so in Software Sources I unchecked the CD on the Ubuntu Software tab, and then retriggered the Reload option again.  No more errors.

For some reason, /etc/apt/sources.list did not show some of these changes.  Maybe I had it open in a separate window while I ws going through my paces.  So I edited it manually to reflect my current preference and resaved a copy on a separate partition.  Now that this was done, I ran System > Administration > Update Manager and installed the new updates they had for me there.  I clicked Check to repeat that step.  It said my system was up-to-date.  I concluded that the repository step was done.